What The Heck Are Nicotine Salts?
1. NICOTINE SALTS EXPLAINED
Nicotine salts are the natural state of nicotine in the tobacco leaf. They are compounds consisting of free base nicotine bound to one or more organic constituents. Naturally, nicotine does not exist on its own in the tobacco leaf. Rather, it is linked by hydrogen bonding or other inter-molecular forces to organic molecules on the tobacco leaves. Combinations of different organic constituents can be selected to harness the differing properties of nicotine inhalation character, such as making nicotine either pack a punch, or reduce irritation and bite.2. NICOTINE SALTS VS. FREE BASE NICOTINE
Standard free base nicotine is a single molecule, while nicotine salts are complexes. Nicotine salt is much more suitable to vaporization due to its preferential inhalation characteristics. Nicotine salts also offer a way of stabilizing the nicotine molecule. This extends the shelf life of nicotine, by means of making it is less prone to oxidation. Certain nicotine salt complexes and the methodologies in which they are prepared are patented by Nude Nicotine.3. NICOTINE SALT & BLOOD ABSORPTION
Nicotine salts possess a different pH than that of free base nicotine. Some nicotine salts may be closer to the biological pH of certain membrane locations in the esophagus and lungs. Therefore, nicotine salts exhibit differing inhalation and absorption properties. For instance, by delivering nicotine into the bloodstream both faster and more efficiently, the user will have an experience bearing more semblance to combustible cigarettes.4. HOW IS IT MADE? (SHORT VERSION)
Nicotine salts are extracted from the tobacco leaves and then both fractionally distilled or through chromatography. They are natural products isolated from tobacco leaves, or can be linked synthetically/chemically to acids in a lab.
SUMMARY AND VAPE EXPERIENCE NOTES:
Because nicotine salts are more bio-available than freebase nicotine, smaller devices that deliver less vapor are able to mimic the effects of larger devices and higher nicotine levels. This is useful to vapers because users can get the same nicotine effects through use of less eliquid (saves you $), and can deliver that experience using smaller devices that are more portable and often less expensive.
Below is a visual example of the effect these nicotine salts have on the body based off of the JUUL devices.